Saturday is named after the Roman god and planet Saturn and is the only day of the week that retained its Roman origin in English. Saturn is the Roman and Italic god of agriculture and the consort of Ops.
He is believed to have ruled Earth during an age of happiness and virtue. Cronus (Kronos, Cronos) is the Greek god (Titan) who ruled the universe until dethroned by his son Zeus.
- Middle English – Saterday
- Latin – dies Saturni – Day of Saturn
- Old English – sæterdæg or saternesdæg – Saturn’s day
- Ancient Greek – hemera Khronu – Day of Cronus